The final remedy under the special provisions is the authority of the Attorney General to send federal observers to those jurisdictions that have been certified for federal examiners. The New York Times, demonstrating once again that they are behind the curve in this and other matters, has finally gotten around to trotting out “experts” to parse this particular section and tell us what it all means. History and Ratification. It’s in the constitution, so evidently it is undecipherable without an expert opinion. Perry opinion, though. This third prong of the coverage formula had the effect of covering Alaska, Arizona, and Texas in their entirety, and parts of California, Florida, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, and South Dakota. Reality cannot be overridden, even by passing a law, or by the King’s command.      Stipulation of Facts      Consent Decree, Washington County, Virginia, including the Washington County School Board and the Towns of Abington, Damascus, and Glade Spring - September 23, 2008 This document is provided for historical purposes only. Section 4 Of The 14th Amendment (Update) This is creating quite the buzz in connection with all the hoopla over the “debt ceiling”. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. And I don’t mean to whine, but I chafe a little at the fact that somehow I am not seen as an expert on the section since I beat everyone to the punch as a matter of record. Contact the Webmaster to submit comments. The first section of the 14th Amendment is one of the most heavily litigated sections of the Constitution.      Consent Decree, Culpeper County, VA, including the Culpeper County School Board and the Town of Culpeper - October 3, 2011 Here’s a portion: “The Fourteenth Amendment, in its fourth section, explicitly declares: ‘The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law , … shall not be questioned.’ Interesting. This resulted in the following states becoming, in their entirety, "covered jurisdictions": Alabama, Alaska, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Virginia. In 1970, Congress recognized the continuing need for the special provisions of the Act, which were due to expire that year, and renewed them for another five years. Federal examiners have not been assigned; There have been no violations of the Constitution or federal, state or local laws with respect to voting discrimination unless the jurisdiction establishes that any such violations were trivial, were promptly corrected, and were not repeated. No test or device has been used within the jurisdiction for the purpose or with the effect of voting discrimination; All changes affecting voting have been reviewed under Section 5 prior to their implementation; No change affecting voting has been the subject of an objection by the Attorney General or the denial of a Section 5 declaratory judgment from the District of Columbia district court; There have been no adverse judgments in lawsuits alleging voting discrimination; There have been no consent decrees or agreements that resulted in the abandonment of a discriminatory voting practice; There are no pending lawsuits that allege voting discrimination; and. The otherwise obscure constitutional provision was enacted in the wake of the civil war, mentioned briefly in a Supreme Court opinion (US v. The information regarding bailout under Section 4(a) and past bailout cases is presented here on this archive page for historical purposes. Assuming this report is correct, what can such an assurance from the president mean? Fourteenth Amendment [U.S. Constitution] "SECTION 1. The date listed below is the date on which these jurisdictions were granted a declaratory judgment allowing them to bail out. The third was the ability of the Attorney General to certify that specified jurisdictions also required the appointment of federal examiners. All rights reserved.      Consent Decree, Wythe County, VA, including the County School Board and the Towns of Rural Retreat and Wytheville - June 18, 2012      Consent Decree, Prince William County, VA, including the Prince William County School Board and the Towns of Dumfries, Haymarket, Occoquan, and Quantico - April 10, 2012 Table of Supreme Court Decisions Overruled by Subsequent Decisions, Table of Laws Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court, Beyond the Constitution Annotated: Table of Additional Resources, Amdt14.S4.1 Public Debts of the United States. November 12, 2019 | Damages Actions Against Federal Agents for Constitutional Violations. It would be a profound misunderstanding of the term “law” to believe that you can simply pass a law that debts will be paid, or for that matter that they “shall not be questioned”, as section 4 of the 14th amendment does. The 14th amendment is a very important amendment that defines what it means to be a US citizen and protects certain rights of the people. These examiners would prepare and forward lists of persons qualified to vote. What is the 14th Amendment. In fact, none of the federal budget experts whom I rely on for information, analysis and support — including many of the biggest and most esteemed names in the business — was even aware that the 14th Amendment was applicable in any way to what we do.      Consent Decree, Rappahannock County, VA, including the Rappahannock County School Board and the Town of Washington - August 9, 2011 Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. In 1982, the coverage formula was extended again, this time for 25 years, but no changes were made to it. The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on June 13, 1866. I digress. Section. Political News, By muzzled dogg in forum Second Amendment, By colecrowe in forum Ron Paul: On the Issues, Terms & Conditions / Privacy Policy / DMCA,, Fourteenth Amendment . Definition of Citizenship The Fourteenth Amendment gives an important definition of a citizen of the United States. They will continue borrowing as long as they can. I have said many times here that the law trumps economics. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. is an independent grassroots outfit not officially connected to Ron Paul but dedicated to his mission. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. The Supreme Court’s decision in Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013) held that the coverage formula set forth in Section 4(b) of the Act was unconstitutional, and as a consequence, no jurisdictions are now subject to the coverage formula in Section 4(b) or to Sections 4(f)(4) and 5 of Act. Obviously, when I say that the law trumps economics, then, that is not what I mean. I don’t suffer from the delusion that I can wave a magic wand and make reality other than what it is, but apparently they do. I do agree that the Debt Ceiling Charade going on in Washington has even less credibility than Global Warming. Suzanna Gratia Hupp explains meaning of 2nd Amendment! For example, the 14th Amendment has been referenced in lawsuits ranging from racial segregation and abortion, to presidential elections and same-sex marriage. Google Chrome, Half of these states (Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, and Wyoming) filed successful "bailout" lawsuits. Fourteenth Amendment [U.S. Constitution] "SECTION 1. The Supreme Court’s decision in Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013) held that the coverage formula set forth in Section 4(b) of the Act was unconstitutional, and as a consequence, no jurisdictions are now subject to the coverage formula in Section 4(b) or to Sections 4(f)(4) and 5 of Act. In Branch v. Haas 7 Va. L.J. The second element of the formula would be satisfied if the Director of the Census determined that less than 50 percent of persons of voting age were registered to vote on November 1, 1964, or that less than 50 percent of persons of voting age voted in the presidential election of November 1964. Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment modified Article I, section 2 of the Constitution. In 1975, the Act's special provisions were extended for another seven years, and were broadened to address voting discrimination against members of "language minority groups," which were defined as persons who are American Indian, Asian American, Alaskan Natives or of Spanish heritage."

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