1989 Oct. 3(4):377-83. BMC Public Health. J Am Acad Dermatol. Arthropod Struct Dev. Three salivary proteins have been identified that may play a role in host immunological responses (a nitric oxide–liberating heme protein [nitrophorin],75 a 17-kDa anticoagulant [Factor X],76 and a 40-kDa apyrase-like nucleotide-binding enzyme77). USA.gov. 2009 Sep. 46(5):1015-20. Manual searches of older journals, textbooks, pest control trade journals, and newspapers (1892-October 2008) were also performed. HOME; THE PROBLEM. © 2020 American Medical Association. [Medline]. Clin … deShazo RD, Griffing C, Kwan TH, Banks WA, Dvorak HF. 110 (3):1187-1194. J Med Entomol. Detailed accounts of bed bug biting incidents4-6 demonstrate that not everyone bitten by bed bugs develops a clinical reaction, a finding supported by experimental work with volunteers that reported that only approximately 30% of patients react to bites.8 A variety of clinical reactions to bed bugs have been reported but these have not been placed into a clinically useful classification. 2013 Jun. After feeding on an infectious blood meal, bed bugs excrete hepatitis B surface antigen in their feces and could be a possible source of HBV infection by contamination of skin lesions or mucosal surfaces, or by inhalation of dust. For pest control, documentation that an eradication measure quantitatively decreased bed bugs. Clinicians must maintain high suspicion in the appropriate set of clinical circumstances to identify and treat infestations, as they can cause substantial dermatologic and psychological discomfort for patients. Sansom JE, Reynolds NJ, Peachey RD. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. 1989 Dec. 160(6):970-7. What's eating you? Insecticide resistance in the bed bug: a factor in the pest's sudden resurgence? Characteristic lesions are pruritic papules in an irregular linear pattern, typically found on body surfaces exposed during sleeping, such as face, neck, arms, legs, and shoulders. 17(4):461-3. Romero A, Potter MF, Potter DA, Haynes KF. However, their transmission of a human disease is yet to be firmly established. The two most common species of bed bugs implicated in human infestations are Cimex lectularius and C. hemipterus; the former of which is cosmopolitan, and the latter being found mostly … Vail KM, Chandler JG. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE (European) databases for the period between 1960 and October 2008. Hect O. Issues in Prevention, Pest Control, and Eradication.

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