Uploaded by See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. The blow caused a massive hemorrhage, filling her skull with blood and pushing her brain to one side. [10][11][12], Radiologist Elliot K. Fishman concluded that she was killed by blunt trauma to the head. The items were strewn about the mountain slope, down which the body had fallen. [9] In accordance with the genetic world map and genetic patterns, her HV2 DNA sequence was also related with the ancient races originally from Taiwan and Korea, which supports the theory that Paleo-Indians had Pacific links. on November 4, 2019, There are no reviews yet. She was discovered on the dormant stratovolcano Mount Ampato (part of the Andes cordillera) in southern Peru in 1995 by anthropologist Johan Reinhard and his Peruvian climbing partner, Miguel Zárate. The relatively good state of nutrition that the Llullaillaco children, as reflected in the thick layer of fatty tissue appearing in CT-scans, as well as the absence of Harris lines in the X-rays, serve as indicators of the high social rank of these victims. Ampato (20,700 ft, 6309 m), Johan Reinhard and Zárate found a bundle in the crater that had fallen from an Inca site on the summit due to recent ice melt and erosion. The official cause of death is still considered unknown, but archaeologists hypothesized hypothermia or asphyxia as contributing factors since no signs of violence was shown on her mummy. These periods are usually indicated by abnormal dryness or wetness. Be the first one to, The Ice Maiden : Inca mummies, mountain gods, and sacred sites in the Andes, Washington, D.C. : National Geographic Society, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Inka -- Peru -- Anden -- Mumie -- Ausgrabung -- Geschichte, Anden -- Peru -- Inka -- Mumie -- Ausgrabung -- Geschichte, Incas -- Peru -- Ampato, Mount (Arequipa) -- Antiquities, Incas -- Peru -- Ampato, Mount (Arequipa) -- Rites and ceremonies, Ice mummies -- Peru -- Ampato, Mount (Arequipa), Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru -- Ampato, Mount (Arequipa), Momies des glaces -- Pérou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa), Incas -- Pérou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa) -- Antiquités, Fouilles (Archéologie) -- Pérou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa), Incas -- Pérou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa) -- Rites et cérémonies, Ausgrabung -- Peru -- Anden -- Inka -- Mumie -- Geschichte, Mumie -- Peru -- Anden -- Inka -- Ausgrabung -- Geschichte, Ampato, Mont (Arequipa, Pérou) -- Antiquités, Ampato, Mount (Arequipa, Peru) -- Antiquities, Incas -- Perou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa) -- Antiquites, Momies des glaces -- Perou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa), Incas -- Perou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa) -- Rites et ceremonies, Fouilles (Archeologie) -- Perou -- Ampato, Mont (Arequipa), Ampato, Mont (Arequipa, Perou) -- Antiquites, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Juanita was wrapped in a brightly coloured burial tapestry (or "aksu"). Inca mummies: child sacrifice victims fed drugs and alcohol. Analysis of her stomach contents revealed that she ate a meal of vegetables six to eight hours before her death. [3], In September 1995, during an ascent of Mt. Like only a few other high-altitude Inca mummies, Juanita was found frozen and thus her remains and garments were not desiccated like those of mummies found in other parts of the world. Her braided hair has been analyzed and chemical traces in the hair differ from root to tip. Reinhard published a detailed account of the discovery in his 2006 book entitled, The Ice Maiden: Inca Mummies, Mountain Gods, and Sacred Sites in the Andes. Such were usually chosen for their beauty and gifts. This practice often involves sacrificing a child at a huaca, or ceremonial shrine in a significant spiritual location, in this case Mt. [13] Death by trauma to the head was a common technique of sacrificing children in this era, along with strangulation and suffocation (burying alive). Analysis in 2012 concluded that the Maiden of Llullaillaco was infected by a virus that has been long extinct. https://www.livescience.com/38504-incan-child-mummies-lives-revealed.html, http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-23496345, https://owlcation.com/humanities/PreservedMummies, https://mummipedia.fandom.com/wiki/The_Llullaillaco_Maiden?oldid=16271. The prosperity of the crops and people depended on the approval of the mountain deity to provide water for their consumption and irrigation. La Doncella is now located in the Museum of High Altitude Archaeology in Salta, Argentina. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4543117/, Castro, J. [4], It is probable that Juanita was sacrificed in response to climatic irregularities to placate the Gods in return for water. These accoutrements were almost perfectly preserved, providing valuable insight into sacred Inca textiles and on how the Inca nobility dressed. Several other offerings included shell statuettes, and seashell figurines representing llamas. Therefore, the mountains that provided water were attributed to be female deities by the Incas. They also found many items that had been left as offerings to the Inca gods including llama bones, small figurines and pottery pieces. Water is a life-giving source and was perceived to be connected with femininity and fertility. Since there is no specific analysis of Juanita it is inconclusive if she came from a noble family or not. Momia Juanita, also known as the Lady of Ampato and the Inca Ice Maiden, is the well-preserved frozen body of an Inca girl who was killed as an offering to the Inca gods sometime between 1450 and 1480 when she was approximately 12–15 years old.

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